Oklahoma Statutes 

Title 47.  Motor Vehicles

Section 12-101 et. seq.

Section 12-101 - Scope and Effect of Regulations

A.   It shall be a misdemeanor, upon conviction, punishable as provided in Section 17-101 of this title, for any person:

1. To drive or move, or for the owner to cause or permit to be driven or moved on any highway, any vehicle or combination of vehicles which:

a. is known to be in such unsafe condition as to endanger any person,

b. is known not to contain those parts required by this chapter,

c. is not at all times equipped with such lamps and other equipment in proper condition and adjustment as required in this chapter, or

d. is known to be equipped in any manner in violation of this chapter;

2. To do any act forbidden under this chapter; or

3. To fail to perform any act required under this chapter.

B. Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit on any vehicle:

1. Equipment required by the United States Department of Transportation pursuant to 49 C.F.R., Chapter V; or

2. The use of additional parts and accessories which are not inconsistent with provisions of this chapter.

C. The provisions of Article II et seq. of this chapter with respect to equipment on vehicles shall not apply to implements of husbandry, road machinery, road rollers, farm tractors, motorcycles as defined in Section 12-601 of this title, or vehicles designed to be moved solely by animal or human power, except as specifically made applicable in this chapter.

D. Any specific requirement of this chapter with respect to equipment on any vehicle, other than a bicycle, shall not apply if the vehicle was lawfully designed and manufactured without such equipment; provided, the provisions of this chapter shall apply to any homemade vehicle or any vehicle constructed from a kit or from plans.

E. Low-speed and medium-speed electrical vehicles which are in compliance with the equipment requirements in 49 C.F.R., Section 571.500 shall be deemed to be in compliance with the provisions of this chapter.

F. The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to vehicles registered in Oklahoma as antique or classic vehicles pursuant to Sections 1105 and 1135.1 of this title and rules promulgated pursuant thereto.

G. The Commissioner of Public Safety may promulgate rules regarding vehicle equipment and standards for vehicle equipment required to maintain such equipment in safe condition and in compliance with this chapter.

H. Any person producing proof within forty-eight (48) hours that a condition or equipment for which the person was cited as defective, missing, prohibited, improper, unauthorized or otherwise in violation of this chapter has been remedied by the person shall be entitled to dismissal of such charge without assessment of court costs.

 

I. As used in this chapter:

1. "Lamp" means an electrical device producing artificial illumination by use of one or more lights, each light of which performs the same function or separate functions as required by this chapter;

2. "Lightweight vehicle" means a motor vehicle that has a manufacturer’s gross vehicle weight rating of ten thousand (10,000) pounds or less, other than:

a. a vehicle that is being used to transport passengers for hire, or

b. a vehicle that is being used to transport hazardous materials of a type or quantity that requires the vehicle to be marked or placarded under 49 C.F.R., Section 177.823;

3. "Nighttime" or "night" means any time from one-half (1/2) hour after sunset to one-half (1/2) hour before sunrise; and

4. "Passenger car" means a motor vehicle designed for carrying ten persons, including the driver, or less except a low-speed or medium-speed electrical vehicle or motorcycle, as defined in Section 12-601 of this title.

 

Section 12-101.1 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A.  Unless previously disclosed through written documentation, no person shall knowingly have for sale, sell, or offer for sale any vehicle to be operated on the highways of this state unless it is equipped as required by this chapter.

B.  No person shall knowingly equip or operate on the highways of this state any vehicle with equipment unless it complies with the requirements of this chapter.

Section 12-101.2 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

This act shall be liberally construed so as to effectuate the purposes stated herein. The provisions of this chapter shall be severable and if any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this chapter is declared to be invalid or to be preempted by federal law or regulation, the validity of the remainder of this chapter shall not be affected thereby, and the remaining provisions shall be in full force and effect.

Section 12-201 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. The United States Department of Transportation specifications and standards for headlamps, auxiliary driving lamps, tail lamps, signal lamps, reflectors, and other lighting equipment and signal devices, pursuant to 49 C.F.R., Section 571.108, are hereby adopted by the State of Oklahoma.

B. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter and subject to exceptions for parked vehicles, every vehicle upon a highway within this state shall properly display all lamps and illuminating devices as required by law:

1. At any time from one-half (1/2) hour after sunset to one-half (1/2) hour before sunrise, also referred to in this chapter as nighttime; and

2. At any other time when, due to insufficient light or unfavorable atmospheric conditions, persons and vehicles on the highway are not clearly discernible at a distance of one thousand (1,000) feet or less.

C. All lamps required by this chapter shall display a steady light except as otherwise prescribed by this chapter. Any required individual lamp may be combined or incorporated with any other required individual lamp if the combined or incorporated lamps meet all of the individual lighting requirements of this chapter for each individual lamp contained therein.

D. No lamp, other than a headlamp, displayed on any vehicle shall project a glaring light; provided, every headlamp shall comply with Section 12-222 of this title.

Section 12-202 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Any requirement of this chapter as to distance from which certain lamps and devices shall render objects visible, or within which such lamps or devices shall be visible, shall apply during the times stated in subsection B of Section 12-201 of this title in respect to a vehicle without load when upon a straight, level, unlighted highway, under normal atmospheric conditions unless a different time or condition is expressly stated.

B. Any requirement of this chapter as to the mounted height of lamps or devices shall mean from the center of such lamp or device to the level ground upon which the vehicle stands when such vehicle is without a load.

Section 12-203 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with at least two headlamps emitting a white light with at least one lamp on each side of the front of the motor vehicle on the same level and as far apart as practicable. The headlamps shall comply with the requirements and limitations set forth in this chapter.

B. Every headlamp upon every motor vehicle shall be located at a height of not more than fifty-four (54) inches nor less than twenty-two (22) inches to be measured as set forth in subsection B of Section 12-202 of this title.

C. The headlamps on motor vehicles shall be so arranged that the driver may select at will between distributions of light projected to different elevations and such lamps may, in addition, be so arranged that such selection can be made automatically, subject to the following limitations:

1. There shall be an uppermost distribution of light, or composite beam, so aimed and of such intensity as to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least six hundred (600) feet ahead for all conditions of loading;

2. There shall be a lowermost distribution of light, or composite beam, so aimed and of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least two hundred (200) feet ahead; and

3. On a straight, level road under any condition of loading none of the high-intensity portion of the beam shall be directed to strike the eyes of an approaching driver.

D. Every motor vehicle which has multiple-beam road-lighting equipment shall be equipped with a beam indicator, which shall be lighted whenever the uppermost distribution of light from the headlamps is in use, and shall not otherwise be lighted.

Section 12-203.1 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. At all times specified in subsection B of Section 12-201 of this title, at least two lighted headlamps shall be displayed, one on each side at the front of every motor vehicle, except when such vehicle is parked subject to the regulations governing lights on parked vehicles, as provided in Section 12-214 of this title.

B. Whenever a motor vehicle equipped with headlamps as herein required is also equipped with any auxiliary driving lamps or a spot lamp or any other lamp on the front thereof projecting a beam of intensity greater than three hundred (300) candlepower, not more than a total of four of any such lamps on the front of a vehicle shall be lighted at any one time when upon a highway.

C. The driver of any vehicle shall comply with the provisions of Section 12-217 of this title regarding the use of alternate headlamp equipment.

Section 12-203.2 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

Whenever a motor vehicle is being operated on a roadway, or shoulder adjacent thereto, during the times specified in subsection B of Section 12-201 of this title, the driver shall use a distribution of light, or composite beam, directed high enough and of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a safe distance in advance of the vehicle, subject to the following requirements and limitations:

1. Whenever a driver of a vehicle approaches an oncoming vehicle within one thousand (1,000) feet, such driver shall use a distribution of light, or composite beam, so aimed that the glaring rays are not projected into the eyes of the oncoming driver. The lowermost distribution of light, or composite beam, specified in paragraph 2 of subsection C of Section 12-203 of this title shall be deemed to avoid glare at all times, regardless of road contour and loading.

2. Whenever the driver of a vehicle follows another vehicle within six hundred (600) feet to the rear, such driver shall use a distribution of light permissible under this chapter other than the uppermost distribution of light specified in paragraph 1 of subsection C of Section 12-203 of this title.

Section 12-203.3 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

Headlamps arranged to provide a single distribution of light shall be permitted on farm tractors and motor vehicles manufactured and sold prior to September 1, 1962, in lieu of multiple-beam road-lighting equipment herein specified if the single distribution of light complies with the following requirements and limitations:

1. The headlamps shall be so aimed that when the vehicle is not loaded none of the high-intensity portion of the light shall at a distance of twenty-five (25) feet ahead project higher than a level of five (5) inches below the level of the center of the lamp from which it comes, and in no case higher than forty-two (42) inches above the level on which the vehicle stands at a distance of seventy-five (75) feet ahead.

2. The intensity shall be sufficient to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least three hundred (300) feet.

Section 12-203.4 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

Any motor vehicle operated at a speed of twenty (20) miles per hour or less may be operated under the conditions specified in subsection B of Section 12-201 of this title when equipped with two lighted lamps upon the front thereof capable of revealing persons and objects one hundred (100) feet ahead in lieu of lamps required in Section 12-203 or 12-203.3 of this title.

Section 12-204 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer and pole trailer, and any vehicle which is being drawn at the end of a combination of vehicles, shall be equipped with at least two tail lamps mounted on the rear, on the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable which, when lighted, shall emit a red light visible from a distance of one thousand (1,000) feet to the rear; provided that, in the case of a combination of vehicles, only the tail lamp on the rearmost vehicle need actually be seen from the distance specified.

B. Every tail lamp upon every vehicle shall be located at a height of not more than seventy-two (72) inches nor less than fifteen (15) inches.

C. Any tail lamps shall be lighted whenever the clearance lamps and:

1. Headlamps;

2. Combination of headlamps and auxiliary driving lamps, as defined in Section 12-217 of this title; or

3. Fog lamps, as defined in Section 12-217 of this title, are lighted.

Section 12-204.1 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. No more than two separate lamps with a white light shall be so constructed and placed as to illuminate the rear license plate and render it clearly legible from a distance of fifty (50) feet to the rear.

B. Any separate lamp or lamps for illuminating the rear license plate, shall be lighted whenever the clearance lamps and:

1. Headlamps;

2. Combination of headlamps and auxiliary driving lamps, as defined in Section 12-217 of this title; or

3. Fog lamps, as defined in Section 12-217 of this title, are lighted.

C. The operation of a vehicle upon which the license plate is surrounded or framed, partially or in whole, by any additional lamp or lamps or otherwise lighted by any additional lamp or lamps, shall be a violation of this section. In addition, display and visibility of the rear license plate shall be in compliance with paragraph 2 of subsection A of Section 1113 of this title.

Section 12-205 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer shall carry on the rear, either as a part of the tail lamps or separately, at least two red reflectors meeting the requirements of this section; provided, that vehicles described in Section 12-208 of this title shall be equipped with reflectors as required in Sections 12-208 and 12-211 of this title.

B. Every such reflector shall be mounted on the vehicle at a height not less than fifteen (15) inches nor more than seventy-two (72) inches measured as set forth in subsection B of Section 12-202 of this title, and shall be of such size and characteristics and so mounted as to be visible at night from all distances within six hundred (600) feet to one hundred (100) feet from such vehicle when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps, except as required in Sections 12-211, 12-215 and 12-216 of this title.

Section 12-206 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every vehicle shall be equipped with at least two stop lamps which shall meet the requirements of this section.

B. The stop lamps required by this section:

1. Shall be mounted on the rear of the vehicle at the same level, as far apart as practicable, and at a height of not more than seventy-two (72) inches nor less than fifteen (15) inches;

2. Shall display a red or amber light, or any shade of color between red and amber, visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear in normal sunlight; and

3. Shall be actuated upon application of the brakes.

C. If so equipped in its original design and manufacture, every motor vehicle shall be additionally equipped with a center high-mounted stop lamp located on the vertical center line above the level of the stop lamps described in this section which shall display a red light, visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear in normal sunlight, and which shall be actuated upon application of the brakes.

Section 12-206.1 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A.  Every vehicle shall be equipped with turn signal lamps that flash for the purpose of indicating the intention to turn either to the left or to the right.

B.  The flashing turn signal lamps required by this section:

1.  Shall show to the front and rear of the vehicle;

2.  On the front of the vehicle, shall be located on the same level, as widely spaced laterally as practicable, at a height of not more than seventy-two (72) inches nor less than fifteen (15) inches, and when in use shall display a white or amber light, or any shade of color between white and amber, visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the front in normal sunlight; and

3.  On the rear of the vehicle, shall be located at the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable, at a height of not more than seventy-two (72) inches nor less than fifteen (15) inches, and when in use shall display a red or amber light, or any shade of color between red and amber, visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear in normal sunlight.

C.  A truck-tractor need not be equipped with turn signal lamps mounted on the rear if the turn signals at the front are so constructed and so located that they meet the requirements for double-faced turn signals that meet the standards of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Section 12-208 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. In addition to other equipment required in this chapter, every vehicle, except truck-tractors and pole trailers, which is eighty (80) inches or more in overall width shall be equipped:

1. On the front, with two amber clearance lamps, one at each side located at the same level and as widely spaced laterally and as near the top as practicable;

2. On the rear, with two red clearance lamps, one at each side located at the same level and as widely spaced laterally and as near the top as practicable; provided, trailers or semitrailers are not required to comply with this paragraph;

3. On each side, with two side marker lamps, one at the front amber in color and one at the rear red in color. The marker lamps shall be located at the same level and as widely spaced laterally and as near the top as practicable, but not less than fifteen (15) inches above the surface of the road;

4. On each side, with one intermediate amber side marker lamp, at or near the midpoint between the front and rear side marker lamps, but not less than fifteen (15) inches above the surface of the road. Provided, any vehicle less than thirty (30) feet in overall length is not required to comply with this paragraph;

5. On each side, with two reflex reflectors, one at the front amber in color and one at the rear red in color. The reflex reflectors shall be located at the same level and as widely spaced laterally and as near the top as practicable, but not less than fifteen (15) inches above the surface of the road; and

6. On each side, with one intermediate amber side reflex reflector, at or near the midpoint between the front and rear side reflex reflectors, but not less than fifteen (15) inches nor more than (60) inches above the surface of the road. Provided, any vehicle less than thirty (30) feet in overall length is not required to comply with this paragraph.

B. In addition to other equipment required in this chapter, every truck-tractor shall be equipped on the front, with two amber clearance lamps, one at each side located at the same level and as widely spaced laterally and as near the top as practicable.

C. In addition to other equipment required in this chapter, every pole trailer shall be equipped:

1. On each side, with one red or amber side marker lamp and one amber clearance lamp, which may be in combination, to show to the front, side and rear; and

2. On the rear of the pole trailer or load, with two red reflex reflectors, one at each side located at the same level and as widely spaced laterally and as near the top as practicable, but not less than fifteen (15) inches above the surface of the road; provided, any load overhang of four (4) feet or more shall be lighted in compliance with Section 12-213 of this title.

D. Any required red reflector on the rear of a vehicle may be incorporated with the tail lamp, but such reflector shall meet all the other reflector requirements of this chapter.

E. In addition to other equipment required in this chapter, any motor vehicle eighty (80) inches or more in overall width shall be equipped with:

1. Three identification lamps showing to the front which shall emit an amber light; and

2. Three identification lamps showing to the rear which shall emit a red light. Such lamps shall be placed horizontally in a row between the clearance lamps on the vertical center line of the vehicle.

Section 12-211 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every reflector upon any vehicle referred to in Section 12-208 of this title shall be of such size and characteristics and so maintained as to be readily visible at nighttime from all distances within six hundred (600) feet to one hundred (100) feet from the vehicle when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps.

B. Front and rear clearance lamps shall be visible at nighttime from a distance of one thousand (1,000) feet from the front and rear, respectively, of the vehicle.

C. Side marker lamps shall be visible at nighttime from a distance of one thousand (1,000) feet from the sides of the vehicles on which mounted.

Section 12-213 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Whenever the load upon any vehicle extends to the rear four (4) feet or more beyond the bed or body of such vehicle, there shall be displayed at the extreme rear end of the load, at the time specified in subsection B of Section 12-201 of this title:

1. Two red lights and two red reflectors positioned to indicate maximum width; and

2. One red light facing to each side positioned to indicate maximum overhang. The required lights and reflectors may be mounted in combination at each side of the vehicle and shall be visible from a distance of one thousand (1,000) feet.

B. At any other time on any such vehicle, there shall be displayed at the extreme rear end of such load red flags not less than twelve (12) inches square marking the extremities of such load at each point where a lamp would otherwise be required by this section.

Section 12-214 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Whenever a motor vehicle or combination of vehicles is parked or stopped, whether attended or unattended, upon a roadway or shoulder adjacent thereto, and there is not sufficient light to reveal the parked or stopped vehicle to the operator of another vehicle within a distance of one thousand (1,000) feet upon such roadway or shoulder, such vehicle so parked or stopped shall display the following:

1. At least two lamps displaying a white or amber light visible from a distance of one thousand (1,000) feet to the front of the vehicle; and

2. At least two lamps displaying a red light visible at a distance of one thousand (1,000) feet to the rear of the vehicle.

B. Subsection A of this section shall not apply to:

1. A vehicle parked or stopped on a street or highway with designated on-street parking or with a speed limit of twenty-five (25) miles per hour or less:

a. when the vehicle is positioned as close as practicable to the outer edge of the roadway or of the shoulder, if present, or

b. unless the street or highway is posted as a no-parking area;

2. A vehicle which has lost the ability to display lamps and the vehicle is parked or stopped off the roadway;

3. A vehicle which is disabled, unattended, and parked or stopped off the roadway; or

4. An authorized emergency vehicle of a law enforcement agency, when such vehicle is parked or stopped on the shoulder.

C. Any lighted headlamps upon a parked or stopped vehicle shall be lower beams.

Section 12-215 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every farm tractor and every self-propelled farm equipment unit or implement of husbandry not equipped with an electric lighting system shall at all times, as mentioned in Section 12-201 of this title, be equipped with at least one lamp displaying a white light visible when lighted from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the front of such vehicle and shall also be equipped with at least one lamp displaying a red light visible when lighted from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear of such vehicle.

B. Every self-propelled unit of farm equipment not equipped with an electric lighting system shall at all times, as mentioned in Section 12-201 of this title, in addition to the lamps required in subsection A of this section, be equipped with two red reflectors visible from all distances within six hundred (600) feet to one hundred (100) feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps.

C. Every combination of farm tractor and towed unit of farm equipment or implement of husbandry not equipped with an electric lighting system shall at all times, as mentioned in Section 12-201 of this title, be equipped with the following lamps:

1. At least one lamp mounted to indicate as nearly as practicable the extreme left projection of said combination and displaying a white light visible when lighted from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the front of said combination; and

2. Two lamps each displaying a red light visible when lighted from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear of said combination or, as an alternative, at least one lamp displaying a red light visible when lighted from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear thereof and two red reflectors visible from all distances within six hundred (600) feet to one hundred (100) feet to the rear thereof when illuminated by the upper beams of head lamps.

D. Every farm tractor and every self-propelled unit of farm equipment or implement of husbandry equipped with an electric lighting system shall at all times, as mentioned in Section 12-201 of this title, be equipped with two single-beam or multiple-beam head lamps meeting the requirements of Section 12-203.3 of this title or, as an alternative, Section 12-602.1 of this title, and at least one red lamp visible when lighted from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear; provided, however, that every such self-propelled unit of farm equipment other than a farm tractor shall have two such red lamps or, as an alternative, one such red lamp and two red reflectors visible from all distances within six hundred (600) feet to one hundred (100) feet when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps.

E. Every combination of farm tractor and towed farm equipment or towed implement of husbandry equipped with an electric lighting system shall at all times, as mentioned in Section 12-201 of this title, be equipped with lamps as follows:

1. The farm tractor element of every such combination shall be equipped as required in subsection D of this section.

2. The towed unit of farm equipment or implement of husbandry element of such combination shall be equipped with two red lamps visible when lighted from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear or, as an alternative, two red reflectors visible from all distances within six hundred (600) to one hundred (100) feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps.

3. Said combinations shall also be equipped with a lamp displaying a white or amber light, of any shade of color between white and amber, visible when lighted from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the front and a lamp displaying a red light visible when lighted from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear.

F. The lamps and reflectors required in subsections A through E of this section shall be so positioned as to show from front and rear as nearly as practicable the extreme projection of the vehicle carrying them on the side of the roadway used in passing such vehicle. If a farm tractor, or a unit of farm equipment, whether self-propelled or towed, is equipped with two or more lamps or reflectors visible from the front or two or more lamps or reflectors visible from the rear, such lamps or reflectors shall be so positioned that the extreme projections both to the left and to the right of said vehicle shall be indicated as nearly as practicable.

G. Every farm tractor and every self-propelled farm equipment unit or implement of husbandry may be equipped with a flashing, strobe-light-type device that when lighted is visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the front of the vehicle or from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear of the vehicle.

Section 12-216 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Animal-drawn vehicles and vehicles referred to in subsection C of Section 12-101 of this title, not specifically required by the provisions of this chapter to be equipped with lamps or other lighting devices, shall, at all times specified in subsection B of Section 12-201 of this title, be equipped with at least one lamp emitting a white light visible from a distance of not less than one thousand (1,000) feet to the front of said vehicle, and shall also be equipped with two lamps displaying red light visible from a distance of not less than one thousand (1,000) feet to the rear of said vehicle or, as an alternative, one lamp displaying a red light visible from a distance of not less than one thousand (1,000) feet to the rear and two red reflectors visible for distances of six hundred (600) feet to one hundred (100) feet to the rear when illuminated by the lower beams of headlamps.

B. The failure on the part of an owner or driver of any vehicle specified in this section to display any lamp, lighting device, or reflector required by this section shall not relieve the operator of a motor vehicle from negligence in the event of a collision.

Section 12-217 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. As used in this article:

1. "Auxiliary driving lamp" means a lamp mounted to provide illumination to the front of a motor vehicle;

2. "Daytime running lamp" means a lamp mounted to provide illumination to the front of a motor vehicle that will assist to identify its presence to other vehicles and pedestrians at times other than those specified in subsection B of Section 12-201 of this title;

3. "Front fog lamp" means a lamp mounted to provide illumination to the front of a motor vehicle during conditions of rain, snow, fog, dust, or other atmospheric disturbances;

4. "Rear fog lamp" means a lamp mounted to provide illumination to the rear of a motor vehicle during conditions of rain, snow, fog, dust, or other atmospheric disturbances;

5. "Off-road lamp" means any lamp designed and manufactured solely for off-road use; and

6. "Spot lamp" means a movable lamp which emits a brilliant light with a focused beam for examining objects, street address numbers, and other things alongside the road.

B. Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed two spot lamps which shall not be used in substitution of headlamps.

C. The operator of any motor vehicle:

1. Which has in use a spot lamp shall, upon the approach of another vehicle from any direction within one thousand (1,000) feet, immediately turn said spot lamp off;

2. Shall not use or turn on a spot lamp when approaching or following another motor vehicle within one thousand (1,000) feet; and

3. Shall not use or turn on a spot lamp to cause a vehicle to yield right-of-way or stop.

The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to operators of authorized emergency vehicles.

D.       1. A motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed two front fog lamps or two rear fog lamps which shall only be used when visibility, as described in paragraphs 3 and 4 of subsection A of this section, is limited to one-half (1/2) mile or less.

2. Front fog lamps shall be mounted on the same level on opposite sides of the front of the vehicle at or below the level of the headlamps. Front fog lamps may be used with lower beam headlamps or switch controlled in conjunction with the headlamps and may be used, at the discretion of the driver, with either low or high beam headlamps. Front fog lamps shall not be used in substitution of headlamps, when headlamps are required.

E. A motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed two auxiliary driving lamps mounted at a height of more than forty-two (42) inches from the ground. The auxiliary driving lamps may be used with lower beam headlamps or switch controlled in conjunction with the headlamps and may be used, at the discretion of the driver, with either low or high beam headlamps.

F. Every fog lamp or auxiliary driving lamp used upon a motor vehicle shall be so adjusted and aimed that no part of the high intensity portion of the beam shall, at a distance of twenty-five (25) feet, rise above the horizontal plane passing through the center of the lamp.

G. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a vehicle may be equipped with off-road lamps for use as headlamps while the vehicle is operated or driven off of a highway. The lamps shall be:

1. Mounted at a height of not less than forty-two (42) inches from the ground;

2. Wired independently of all other lighting; and

3. Turned off whenever the vehicle is operated or driven upon a highway.

H.      1. A motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed two daytime running lamps which conform to 49 C.F.R., Section 571.108, S5.5.11.

2. Daytime running lamps shall not be used in substitution of headlamps.

3. Daytime running lamps shall be mounted on the front of a motor vehicle and shall be wired to be:

a. automatically activated when the vehicle is started, and

b. automatically deactivated when the headlamp control is in any "on" position.

Section 12-218 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every authorized emergency vehicle shall, in addition to any other equipment and distinctive markings required by this title, be equipped with flashing red or blue lights or a combination of flashing red and blue lights. The lights shall be visible at five hundred (500) feet in normal sunlight.

B. A law enforcement vehicle when used as an authorized emergency vehicle may but need not be equipped with alternately-flashing red or blue lights specified herein. An unmarked vehicle used as a law enforcement vehicle for routine traffic enforcement shall be equipped with the following combination of lights:

1. Three flashing red, blue, or a combination of red and blue lights emitting the flashing lights to the front of the vehicle;

2. Two flashing white lights emitting the flashing white lights to the front of the vehicle;

3. Flashing red, blue, white or any combination of red, blue or white lights placed at and emitting the flashing lights from the four corners of the vehicle so that they are visible for three hundred sixty (360) degrees; and

4. One flashing red, blue, amber, or any combination of red, blue, or amber lights emitting the flashing light to the rear of the vehicle.

C. The use of the signal equipment described herein shall impose upon drivers of other vehicles the obligation to yield right-of-way and stop for authorized emergency vehicles, as prescribed in Section 11-405 of this title.

Section 12-218.1 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

Flashing red or blue lights or a combination of flashing red and blue lights may be used on licensed Class AA wreckers or wrecker support vehicles at the scene of an emergency.

Any licensed Class AA wrecker or wrecker support vehicle may be equipped with a lamp displaying an amber light, visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the front of the vehicle or from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear of the vehicle. Such lamp shall only be used when leaving the scene of a tow service call and for the purpose of warning the operators of other vehicles to exercise care in approaching, overtaking or passing such vehicle.

Section 12-218.2 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

Any privately owned motor vehicle operated by a rural letter carrier or any highway contract route vehicle while engaged in the delivery of mail may be equipped with no more than two simultaneously flashing amber lights and a sign reading "U.S. MAIL" for the purpose of warning the operators of other vehicles to exercise care in approaching, overtaking, or passing.  Such lights shall be activated as the rural carrier stops on or adjacent to the roadway for the purpose of delivering or collecting United States mail.  Such lights shall be of double face or two-way type, be visible when turned on for at least five hundred (500) feet to the front and rear of the vehicle in normal sunlight, be mounted on the highest part of the roof of the vehicle and be spaced laterally as far as practicable to each side of the vehicle.  The sign and lights shall be installed so that the sign is lowered and lights turned off before the first stop on the route and following the last one.

Section 12-220 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Any motor vehicle shall be equipped with not more than two back-up lamps either separately or in combination with other lamps. Any back-up lamp shall not be lighted when the motor vehicle is in forward motion.

B. Every vehicle shall be equipped with vehicular hazard warning lamps required for that vehicle at the time the vehicle was manufactured by standards of the United States Department of Transportation pursuant to 49 C.F.R., Section 571.108. Such lamps shall be used for the purpose of warning the operators of other vehicles of the presence of a vehicular traffic hazard requiring the exercise of unusual care in approaching, overtaking or passing, and when so equipped may display such warning in addition to any other warning signals required by this title. The lamps used to display such warning to the front shall be mounted at the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable, and shall display simultaneously flashing white or amber lights, or any shade of color between white and amber. The lamps used to display such warning to the rear shall be mounted at the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable, and shall show simultaneously flashing amber or red lights, or any shade of color between amber and red. These warning lights shall be visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet in normal sunlight.

C. Any vehicle may be equipped with one or more side marker lamps and any such lamp may be flashed in conjunction with the turn or vehicular hazard warning lamps.

Section 12-227 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Any lighted lamp or illuminating device upon a motor vehicle, other than headlamps, spot lamps, auxiliary driving lamps, flashing turn signals, vehicular hazard warning lamps, authorized emergency vehicle lamps, snow removal and construction and maintenance vehicle warning lamps, and school bus and church bus warning lamps, which projects a beam of light of an intensity greater than three hundred (300) candlepower shall be so directed that no part of the high intensity portion of the beam will strike the level of the roadway on which the vehicle stands at a distance of more than seventy-five (75) feet from the vehicle.

B. Except as provided in Sections 12-218, 12-218.1, 12-228, and 12-229 of this title, no person shall drive or move any vehicle or equipment upon any highway with any lamp or device thereon displaying or capable of displaying a red or blue light visible from directly in front of the center thereof.

C. Flashing lights are prohibited except on:

1. An authorized emergency vehicle, as provided in Section 12-218 of this title;

2. A school bus or a church bus, as provided in Section 12-228 of this title;

3. Any snow-removal, construction and maintenance equipment, as provided in Section 12-229 of this title;

4. A wrecker or tow vehicle while at the scene of an emergency or loading or unloading a vehicle in close proximity to traffic as needed for safety precautions or as a means of indicating the presence of a vehicular traffic hazard requiring unusual care in approaching, overtaking or passing, as provided in Section 12-218.1 of this title;

5. Any vehicle as a means of indicating a right or left turn, as provided in Sections 12-206.1 and 12-606 of this title;

6. Any vehicle as a means of indicating the presence of a vehicular traffic hazard requiring unusual care in approaching, overtaking or passing, as provided in Section 12-220 of this title;

7. Any vehicle displaying side marker lamps which flash in conjunction with turn signal lamps or vehicle hazard warning lamps, as provided in Section 12-220 of this title;

8. A farm tractor or an implement of husbandry, as provided in Section 12-215 of this title;

9. Any vehicle used while performing official duties as a rural or contract route mail carrier of the United States Postal Service, as provided in Section 12-218.2 of this title; or

10. Any vehicle being used in the collection of refuse, solid waste or recyclables displaying side marker lamps which flash in conjunction with turn signal lamps or vehicle hazard warning lamps indicating the presence of a vehicular traffic hazard requiring unusual care in approaching, overtaking or passing, as provided in Section 12-220 of this title.

D. Blue lights are prohibited except as allowed in Sections 12-218, 12-218.1, and 12-229 of this title.

E. Any person violating the provisions of subsection B, C or D of this section shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six (6) months, or by a fine not exceeding Two Thousand Dollars ($2,000.00), or by both such fine and imprisonment.

Section 12-228 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. In addition to any other equipment and distinctive markings required by this title, every school bus and every church bus shall be equipped with signal lamps mounted as high and as widely spaced laterally as practicable, which shall display to the front two alternately flashing red lights located at the same level and to the rear two alternately flashing red lights located at the same level. These lights shall be visible at five hundred (500) feet in normal sunlight.

B. Every school bus shall bear upon the front and rear thereof plainly visible signs containing the words "SCHOOL BUS" in letters not less than eight (8) inches in height, located between the warning signal lights as high as possible without impairing visibility of the lettering, and have no other lettering on the front or rear of the vehicle, except as required by 47 C.F.R., Part 571.

C. Every church bus shall bear upon the front and rear thereof plainly visible signs containing the words "CHURCH BUS" in letters not less than eight (8) inches in height, located between the warning signal lights as high as possible without impairing visibility of the lettering. In addition, such church bus may be equipped with visual signals meeting the requirements of subsection A of this section.

D. Every school bus manufactured on or after September 1, 1992, shall be equipped with a stop signal arm that complies with 49 C.F.R., Section 571.131.

E. In addition to the lights required by subsection A of this section, any school bus shall be equipped with amber signal lamps mounted near each of the four red lamps and at the same level but closer to the vertical center line of the bus, which shall display two alternately flashing amber lights to the front and two alternately flashing amber lights to the rear. These lights shall be visible at five hundred (500) feet in normal sunlight. These lights shall be displayed by the school bus driver at least one hundred (100) feet, but not more than five hundred (500) feet, before every stop at which the alternately flashing red lights required by subsection A will be actuated.

F. The State Board of Education, with the approval of the Commissioner of Public Safety, is authorized to adopt standards and specifications applicable to lighting equipment on and special warning devices to be carried by school buses consistent with, and supplemental to, the provisions of this chapter. Such standards and specifications shall be identical to any Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard which regulates the same aspect of performance of the same equipment or device. Where there is no applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard, the standards and specifications shall conform to the greatest extent feasible with any other relevant standard issued or endorsed by federal agencies or recognized standard-setting organizations.

G. During the time any school bus or church bus is operating, the school bus or church bus shall have its headlights activated.

H. It shall be unlawful to operate any red flashing warning signal light on any school bus except when any said school bus is stopped on a highway for the purpose of permitting school children to board or discharge from said school bus.

I. It shall be unlawful to operate any red flashing warning signal light on any church bus except when any said bus is stopped on a highway for the purpose of permitting passengers to board or discharge from said bus.

J. The use of the signal equipment described herein shall impose upon drivers of other vehicles the obligation to yield right-of-way and stop for school buses, as prescribed in Section 11-705 of this title, and for church buses, as prescribed in Section 11-705.1 of this title.

K. The loading lamps on school buses converted for purposes other than transporting pupils to or from school shall be disconnected, except for buses purchased for use by religious organizations as church buses.

Section 12-229 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. The Department of Transportation shall adopt standards and specifications applicable to headlamps, clearance lamps, identification and other lamps on snow-removal equipment, when operated on the highways of this state in lieu of the lamps otherwise required on motor vehicles by this chapter. Such standards and specifications may permit the use of flashing lights for purposes of identification on snow-removal equipment when in service upon the highways. The standards and specifications for lamps referred to in this section shall correlate with and, so far as possible, conform with those approved by the American Association of State Highway Officials.

B. It shall be unlawful to operate any snow-removal equipment on any highway unless the lamps thereon comply with and are lighted when and as required by the standards and specifications adopted as provided in this section.

C. Flashing amber lights may be used on vehicles or machinery owned or operated by any agency of the state or by any county or city when engaged in the performance of emergency work or on the construction or maintenance of highways.

D. Rear facing flashing red and blue lights may be used on vehicles or machinery owned or operated by the Oklahoma Department of Transportation, the Oklahoma Turnpike Authority, or by any county when engaged in the performance of emergency work or on the construction or maintenance of highways.

Section 12-232 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every multiple-passenger van owned and operated by a nonprofit charitable organization for the purpose of transporting children to or from any destination may be equipped with a flashing, strobe-light-type device that when lighted may be visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the front of the vehicle or from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear of the vehicle.

B. During the time that the multiple-passenger van is operating, the multiple-passenger van may have the strobe-light-type device activated.

C. Each vehicle displaying such lights shall simulate the color of lights used on school buses as provided in Section 12-228 of Title 47 of the Oklahoma Statutes.

D. As used in this section, "nonprofit charitable organization" shall mean any organization that is exempt from taxation pursuant to the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code, 26 United States Code, Section 501(c)(3).

Section 12-301 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every motor vehicle manufactured prior to September 1, 1961, when operated upon a highway shall be equipped with brakes adequate to control the movement of and to stop and hold such vehicle, including two separate means of applying the brakes, each of which means shall be effective to apply the brakes to at least two wheels. If these two separate means of applying the brakes are connected in any way they shall be so constructed that failure of any one part of the operating mechanism shall not leave the motor vehicle without brakes on at least two wheels.

B. 1.  Every motor vehicle manufactured on or after September 1, 1961, operated upon the highways shall be equipped with service brakes upon all wheels.

2. A truck or truck-tractor having three or more axles need not be equipped with brakes on the front axle if:

a. the vehicle was manufactured on or before July 24, 1980, or

b. the vehicle was manufactured on or after July 25, 1980, but no later than October 26, 1986, and the brake components have not been removed. If the brake components have been removed, the vehicle shall be retrofitted to meet the requirements of this section.

 1. Every trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer of a gross vehicle weight rating of three thousand (3,000) pounds or more when operated upon a highway shall be equipped with brakes:

a. adequate to control the movement of and to stop and to hold such vehicle,

b. so designated as to be applied by the driver of the towing motor vehicle from its cab. Provided, braking systems commonly known as "surge brakes" shall be lawful when used on a trailer which is towing or transporting a vessel or vessels, and

c. so designed and connected that in case of an accidental breakaway of the towed vehicle the brakes shall be automatically applied.

2. Every trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer required to be equipped with brakes, except motor vehicles engaged in drive-away tow-away operations as provided in 49 C.F.R., Part 393.42, shall be equipped with brakes which are designed to be applied automatically and promptly upon break-away from the towing vehicle, and means shall be provided to maintain application of the brakes on the trailer in such a case for at least fifteen (15) minutes.

3. Any trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer having a gross vehicle weight rating of less than three thousand (3,000) pounds need not be equipped with brakes; provided, the trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer shall be equipped with brakes if the weight of the towed vehicle exceeds forty percent (40%) of the gross vehicle weight rating of the towing vehicle.

C. Every motor vehicle and every combination of vehicles shall be equipped with a parking brake system adequate to hold the vehicle or combination on any grade on which it is operated under all conditions of loading, on a surface free from snow, ice, or loose material.

D. The braking system on the rear axle of any motor vehicle may be used for both service brake and parking brake operation.

E.       1. Air brake systems installed on towed vehicles manufactured shall be designed as provided in 49 C.F.R., Section 393.43.

2. Every truck or truck-tractor, if used to tow a trailer equipped with brakes, shall be equipped with service brakes as provided in 49 C.F.R., Section 393.43.

3. Every truck or truck tractor equipped with air brakes, when used to tow another vehicle equipped with full air brakes, in operations other than drive-away or tow-away, shall, in addition to the above, be equipped with two means of activating the emergency features of the trailer brakes as provided in 49 C.F.R., Section 393.43.

4. Every motor vehicle which is equipped with power brakes, shall comply with 49 C.F.R., Section 393.49.

5. Every truck tractor and truck used for towing other vehicles equipped with vacuum brakes, in operations other than drive-away tow-away, on and after September 1, 1961, shall, in addition to other requirements of state and federal law, comply with 49 C.F.R., Section 393.43.

F. Every bus, truck, and truck-tractor which is equipped with an air or vacuum brake system, shall be equipped with a reservoir as required by 49 C.F.R., Section 393.50, sufficient to insure a brake application capable of stopping the vehicle within the stopping distance requirements of Section 12-302 of this title in the event the engine stops.

G. Every bus, truck and truck-tractor shall be equipped with service brake warning devices and signals as required by 49 C.F.R., Part 393.51.

H. All brakes shall be maintained in good working order and shall be so adjusted as to operate as equally as practicable with respect to the wheels on opposite sides of the vehicle. The brakes shall be capable of stopping the vehicle, or a combination of vehicles, within the stopping distance requirements of Section 12-302 of this title.

Section 12-302 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every motor vehicle or combination of vehicles, at all times and under all conditions of loading, upon application of the service brake, shall be capable of:

1. Developing a braking force that is not less than the percentage of its gross weight, as specified in subsection D of this section;

2. Decelerating to a stop from a speed of twenty (20) miles per hour at not less than the rate specified in subsection D of this section; and

3. Stopping from a speed of twenty (20) miles per hour in not more than the distance specified in subsection D of this section, such distance to be measured from the point at which movement of the service brake pedal or control begins.

B. Upon application of the parking brake system and with no other brake system applied, a motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles shall, at all times and under all conditions of loading, be capable of stopping from a speed of twenty (20) miles per hour in not more than the distance specified in subsection D of this section, such distance to be measured from the point at which movement of the emergency brake control begins.

C. Conformity to the stopping-distance requirements of subsections A and B of this section shall be determined under the following conditions:

1. Any test must be made with the vehicle on a hard surface that is substantially level, dry, smooth, and free of loose material; and

2. The vehicle must be in the center of a twelve-foot-wide lane when the test begins and must not deviate from that lane during the test.

D. Vehicle Brake Performance Table:

E. Tests for deceleration and stopping distance shall be made on a substantially level (not to exceed plus or minus one percent (1%) grade), dry, smooth, hard surface that is free from loose material.

Section 12-401 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every motor vehicle when operated upon a highway shall be equipped with a horn in good working order and capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than two hundred (200) feet, but no horn or other warning device shall emit an unreasonably loud or harsh sound. The driver of a motor vehicle shall, when reasonably necessary to insure safe operation, give audible warning with a horn but shall not otherwise use such horn when upon a highway.

B. No vehicle shall be equipped with nor shall any person use upon a vehicle any siren except as otherwise permitted in subsection D of this section.

C. Any vehicle may be equipped with a theft alarm signal device which is so arranged that it cannot be used by the driver as an ordinary warning signal. A theft alarm signal device shall not use a siren, as described in subsection D of this section.

D. Every authorized emergency vehicle shall, in addition to any other equipment and distinctive markings required by this title, be equipped with a siren, or similar device, capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet and of a type approved by the Department of Public Safety, but such siren shall not be used except when such vehicle is operated in response to an emergency call or in the immediate pursuit of an actual or suspected violator of the law, in which said latter events the driver of such vehicle shall sound said siren when reasonably necessary to warn pedestrians and other drivers of the approach thereof.

E. It shall be unlawful for any person to use a device capable of producing auditory warning signals similar to that on an authorized emergency vehicle or to use audible signal equipment from a motor vehicle for the purpose of causing any other motor vehicle operator to yield right-of-way and stop, or which actually causes any other motor vehicle operator to yield the right-of-way and stop, whether intended or not.  The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to the operators of authorized emergency vehicles.

Section 12-402 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every vehicle shall be equipped, maintained, and operated so as to prevent excessive or unusual noise. Every motor vehicle shall at all times be equipped with a muffler or other effective noise-suppressing system in good working order and in constant operation, and no person shall use a muffler cut-out, bypass or similar device. No person shall modify the exhaust system of a motor vehicle in any manner which will amplify or increase the noise or sound emitted louder than that emitted by the muffler originally installed on the vehicle.

B. The engine and power mechanism of every motor vehicle shall be so equipped and adjusted as to prevent the escape of excessive fumes or smoke, or both.

Section 12-403 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a mirror mounted on the left side of the vehicle and so positioned and located as to reflect to the driver a view of the highway to the rear of the motor vehicle.

B. Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with an additional mirror mounted either inside the vehicle approximately in the center or outside the vehicle on the right side and so positioned and located as to reflect to the driver a view of the highway to the rear of the vehicle.

C. Every school bus and church bus shall be equipped with a mirror system so positioned and located as to reflect to the driver, when seated in the bus driver's position, the presence of a pedestrian directly in front of the bus and beneath the driver's direct line of sight.

Section 12-404 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. As used in this section:

1. "Critical area" means the area cleaned by the normal sweep of the windshield wiper blade on the driver's side. The area covered by the wiper blade cannot be reduced from manufacturer's original specifications;

2. "Noncritical areas" means all other areas;

3. "Outright breakage" means glass which is severely cracked or shattered to the extent that air passes through it or, if by running a fingertip over the cracked area, the glass moves or sharp edges can be felt;

4. "Star break or shot damage" means a vented break with cracks radiating from the point of impact; and

5. "Stress or hairline crack" means a crack which has no visible point of impact.

B. No person shall operate any motor vehicle which:

1. Is not equipped with a windshield;

2. Has any outright breakage in the windshield or in the window on either side of the driver;

3. Has any star break or shot damage, three (3) inches or more in diameter, located in the critical area; or

4. Has two or more stress or hairline cracks, twelve (12) inches or more in combined length, located in the critical area.

C. No person shall drive any motor vehicle with any sign, poster, other nontransparent material, or debris, including but not limited to snow, ice, or frost, upon the front windshield or the side wings, or side or rear windows or suspend any sign, poster, object, or other material from the interior of the vehicle which materially obstructs, obscures, or impairs the driver's clear view of the highway ahead or to either side or of any intersecting highway.

D. The windshield on every motor vehicle shall be equipped with an electric windshield wiper mechanism for cleaning rain, snow, or other moisture from the windshield.

E. Every windshield wiper blade and windshield wiper mechanism upon a motor vehicle shall be maintained in good working order. When replacing the wiper blade, the length of the blade shall not be reduced from the manufacturer's specification.

Section 12-405 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Every solid rubber tire on a vehicle shall have rubber on its entire traction surface at least one inch thick above the edge of the flange of the entire periphery.

B. A person shall not operate or move on any hard-surfaced highway any vehicle having any metal tire in contact with the roadway, except when authorized by special permit as provided in subsection E of this section.

C. 1. Any tire on a vehicle moved on a highway shall not have on its periphery any block, stud, flange, cleat or spike or any other protuberance of any material other than rubber which projects beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire, except that it shall be permissible:

a. to use farm tractors or implements of husbandry with tires having protuberances which will not injure the highway,

b. to use tire chains of reasonable proportions upon any vehicle when required for safety because of snow, ice, or other conditions tending to cause a vehicle to skid, or

c. for pneumatic tires equipped with or having on their periphery studs of metal, porcelain or other material to be sold or used in this state, if constructed to provide resiliency upon contact with the road surface, so that not more than three percent (3%) in the aggregate of the traction surface of such tire be composed of such studs and so that such studs do not project more than three thirty-seconds (3/32) of an inch beyond the tread of the traction surface of such tire and have a rate of wear which will so limit such projection.

2. The exceptions permitted in paragraph 1 of this subsection shall be subject to the following restrictions:

a. the use of such tires or tire chains shall be limited to vehicles with rated capacities up to and including two (2) tons,

b. any tire so equipped shall not be used on a public highway earlier than November 1 of each year or later than April 1 of the following year, and

c. copies of this subsection shall be posted in all places at which tires or tire chains are sold, and a printed or written warning on the time limitation for the use of such tires or tire chains shall be furnished to each buyer, purchaser, or user by the seller of such studded tires or tire chains.

D. Operator selectable "on demand" studded tires having traction-enhancing studs located outside the normal tread area which allows their operation as conventional tires on dry roads or as studded tires on ice-coated roads by the expedient of reducing or increasing the air pressure within the tires, shall be exempt from the prohibitions of subsection C of this section with the following exceptions:

1. The use of such tires shall be limited to vehicles with rated capacities up to and including two (2) tons;

2. Any such tire shall not be deflated so that the studs lower and make contact with the road surface earlier than November 1 of each year or later than April 1 of the following year.

E. The Department of Public Safety and local authorities in their respective jurisdictions may in their discretion issue special permits authorizing the operation upon a highway of traction engines or tractors having movable tracks with transverse corrugations upon the periphery of such movable tracks or farm tractors or other farm machinery, the operation of which upon a highway would otherwise be prohibited under this section.

F. A person shall not operate any vehicle when one or more of the tires in use on that vehicle is in unsafe operating condition or has a tread depth less than two-thirty-seconds (2/32) inch measured in any two adjacent tread grooves at three equally spaced intervals around the circumference of the tire; provided, such measurements shall not be made at the location of any tread wear indicator, tie bar, hump, or fillet. As used in this subsection, an unsafe tire includes, but is not limited to, any tire:

1. On which the ply or cord is exposed in the tread area;

2. Which has been regrooved or recut below the original groove depth, except tires that have been designed with under-rubber sufficient for regrooving and are so marked;

3. Marked "Farm Implement Only", "Not for Highway Use", or any other marking that would indicate that the tire is not for normal highway use; provided, no such marking shall be altered or removed;

4. On which any bulges, bumps, or knots show in the tread or sidewall area; or

5. On the front steering axle of a truck-tractor which has tread depth measuring less than four-thirty-seconds (4/32) inch.

G. Every wheel on a vehicle shall not be cracked and shall be securely fastened to the hub of the vehicle with all lug nuts properly affixed.

Section 12-405.1 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A.  Every trailer, semitrailer, manufactured home, or towed motor vehicle shall be equipped with a coupling device which shall be designed, constructed, and used so that the trailer, semitrailer, manufactured home, or towed motor vehicle will follow substantially in the path of the vehicle drawing it without whipping or swerving from side to side.  In addition, every such trailer, semitrailer, manufactured home, or towed motor vehicle, except a semitrailer drawn by a truck-tractor type designed to draw or support the front end of a semitrailer, shall be coupled with:

1.  Stay chains or cables to the vehicle by which it is being drawn, which chains or cable shall be of sufficient size and strength to prevent parting from the drawing vehicle, should the regular coupling device break or become otherwise disengaged; or

2.  Chains, cables or a safety device which provides strength, security of attachment and directional stability equal to or greater than that provided by safety chains and which prevent parting from the drawing vehicle should the regular coupling device break or otherwise become disengaged.  The safety device shall be designed, constructed, and installed so that if the coupling device fails or becomes disconnected the coupling device will not drop to the ground.

B.  Nothing in this section shall be construed as excepting commercial vehicles subject to the provisions of 49 C.F.R., Subpart F, Coupling Devices and Towing Methods, from complying with the provisions thereof.

C.  No person shall tow any vehicle by sole use of a chain, cable, ropes, or any combination thereof. 

Section 12-405.2 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A.  No fuel tank or intake pipe on any motor vehicle shall project beyond the side of the motor vehicle.  In no case shall the fuel tank or fuel intake pipe on any bus be located within or above the passenger-carrying portion of the bus.

B.  Any fuel tank carried upon a motor vehicle, including any auxiliary tank, shall be of substantial construction, permanently and securely attached to the motor vehicle.

Section 12-405.3 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

All vehicles or combination of vehicles operating on the highways, except animal-drawn vehicles, not equipped with fenders over the rearmost wheels shall have attached thereto a rubber or fabric apron directly behind the rearmost wheels, and hanging perpendicular from the body of the vehicle.  The apron shall be of such a size as to prevent the bulk of the water or any other substance picked up from the roadway from being thrown from the rear wheels of the vehicle or combination of vehicles at tangents exceeding twenty-two and one half (22 1/2) degrees measured from the road surface.  The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to a farm tractor moving over the state highway system at a speed less than twenty (20) miles per hour.

Section 12-406 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. A motor vehicle as specified herein shall not be registered thereafter unless such vehicle is equipped with safety glazing material or safety glass of a type prescribed in this section wherever glazing material or glass is used in doors, windows, and windshields. The foregoing provisions shall apply to all passenger cars, lightweight vehicles, buses, school buses, and church buses, but in respect to trucks, including truck-tractors, the requirements as to safety glazing material or safety glass shall apply to all glazing material and glass used in doors, windows, and windshields in the drivers' compartments of such vehicles.

B. The term "safety glazing materials" or "safety glass" means glazing materials or glass so constructed, treated, or combined with other materials as to reduce substantially, in comparison with ordinary sheet glass or plate glass, the likelihood of injury to persons by objects from exterior sources or by the safety glazing materials or safety glass when they may be cracked or broken.

C. All safety glazing materials and safety glass shall bear the manufacturer's trademark and the words "American Standard" or the letters "AS" followed by a number indicating the position in which the glass shall be used. Safety glazing materials or safety glass bearing the following identification markings shall be used in the designated locations:

1. Laminated safety glass marked "AS-1" is required in windshields and is acceptable at any other location in the vehicle;

2. Laminated safety glass marked "AS-14" is required in windshields and is acceptable at any other location in the vehicle;

3. Laminated or tempered safety glass marked "AS-2" is acceptable for use at any location in the vehicle except the windshield;

4. Laminated or tempered safety glass marked "AS-3" is acceptable anywhere on school buses except in windshields and side windows to the immediate right and left of the driver's location;

5. Rigid plastic safety glazing material marked "AS-4" or "AS-5" is acceptable anywhere on school buses except in windshields and side windows to the right or left of the driver's location;

6. Flexible plastic safety glazing material marked "AS-6" or "AS-7" is acceptable for use in rear windows of soft tops, flexible curtains, or readily removable windows; and

7. Wire glass marked "AS-8" or "AS-9" is acceptable for use in folding doors, standee and rearmost windows of buses, or windows to the rear of the driver in trucks and truck-tractors.

D. No person shall sell, or make replacements of glass, safety glazing materials, or safety glass on motor vehicles, or sell glass, safety glazing materials, or safety glass cut to size to fit windshields, door glass, or window glass of a motor vehicle in violation of the provisions of this title.

Section 12-407 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. No person shall operate any truck, bus, truck-tractor, or any drive-away, tow-away operation upon any highway at any time unless such vehicle is equipped with emergency equipment, including, but not limited to, reflectors, flares, fuses, flags, and fire extinguishers, as provided by 49 C.F.R., Section 393.95. This section shall not apply to lightweight vehicles.

B. Every bus which is licensed for the express purpose of transporting persons for hire shall have at least one hand axe and one metal heavy-duty, ten-unit size, first-aid kit.

Section 12-408 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. Whenever any truck, except a lightweight vehicle, or any bus, truck-tractor, trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer, or any motor vehicle towing a manufactured home is disabled upon the traveled portion of any highway or the shoulder thereof outside of any municipality at any time when lighted lamps are required on vehicles, the driver of such vehicle shall display the following warning devices upon the highway during the time the vehicle is so disabled on the highway except as provided in subsection B of this section:

1. A lighted fusee, a lighted red electric lantern or a portable red emergency reflector shall be immediately placed at the traffic side of the vehicle in the direction of the nearest approaching traffic.

2. As soon thereafter as possible but in any event within the burning period of the fusee, the driver shall place three liquid-burning flares, or three lighted red electric lanterns or three portable red emergency reflectors on the traveled portion of the highway in the following order:

a. one approximately one hundred (100) feet from the disabled vehicle in the center of the lane occupied by such vehicle and toward traffic approaching in that lane,

b. one approximately one hundred (100) feet in the opposite direction from the disabled vehicle and in the center of the traffic lane occupied by such vehicle, and

c. one at the traffic side of the disabled vehicle not less than ten (10) feet rearward or forward thereof in the direction of the nearest approaching traffic. If a lighted red electric lantern or a red portable emergency reflector has been placed at the traffic side of the vehicle in accordance with paragraph 1 of subsection A of this section, it may be used for this purpose.

B. Whenever any vehicle referred to in this section is disabled within five hundred (500) feet of a curve, hillcrest or other obstruction to view, the warning signal in that direction shall be so placed as to afford ample warning to other users of the highway, but in no case less than one hundred (100) feet nor more than five hundred (500) feet from the disabled vehicle.

C. Whenever any vehicle of a type referred to in this section is disabled upon any roadway of a divided highway during the times specified in subsection B of Section 12-201 of this title, the appropriate warning devices prescribed in subsections A and E of this section shall be placed as follows:

1. One at a distance of approximately two hundred (200) feet from the vehicle in the center of the lane occupied by the stopped vehicle and in the direction of traffic approaching in that lane;

2. One at a distance of approximately one hundred (100) feet from the vehicle, in the center of the lane occupied by the vehicle and in the direction of traffic approaching in that lane; and

3. One at the traffic side of the vehicle and approximately ten (10) feet from the vehicle in the direction of the nearest approaching traffic.

D. Whenever any vehicle of a type referred to in this section is disabled upon the traveled portion of a highway or the shoulder thereof outside of any municipality at any time when the display of fusees, flares, red electric lanterns or portable red emergency reflectors is not required, the driver of the vehicle shall display two red flags upon the roadway in the lane of traffic occupied by the disabled vehicle, one at a distance of approximately one hundred (100) feet in advance of the vehicle, and one at a distance of approximately one hundred (100) feet to the rear of the vehicle.

E. Whenever any motor vehicle used in the transportation of explosives or any cargo tank truck used for the transportation of any flammable liquid or compressed flammable gas is disabled upon a highway of this state at any time or place mentioned in subsection A of this section, the driver of such vehicle shall immediately display the following warning devices: One red electric lantern or portable red emergency reflector placed on the roadway at the traffic side of the vehicle, and two red electric lanterns or portable red reflectors, one placed approximately one hundred (100) feet to the front and one placed approximately one hundred (100) feet to the rear of this disabled vehicle in the center of the traffic lane occupied by such vehicle. Flares, fusees or signals produced by flame shall not be used as warning devices for disabled vehicles of the type mentioned in this paragraph.

F. The flares, fusees, red electric lanterns, portable red emergency reflectors and flags to be displayed as required in this section shall conform with the applicable requirements of Section 12-407 of this title.

G. The provisions of this section shall not apply to vehicles bearing farm tags and used exclusively for the purpose of farming and ranching.

Section 12-409 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

Vehicles transporting hazardous materials as a cargo or part of a cargo shall at all times be:

1.  Marked or placarded in accordance with 49 C.F.R. Section 177.823; and

2.  Equipped with portable fire extinguishers in accordance with 49 C.F.R. Section 393.95(a).

Section 12-410 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. The term "air-conditioning equipment" as used or referred to in this section shall mean mechanical vapor compression refrigeration equipment which is used to cool the driver's or passenger compartment of any motor vehicle.

B. Such equipment shall be manufactured, installed and maintained with due regard for the safety of the occupants of the vehicle and the public and shall not contain any refrigerant which is toxic to persons or which is flammable or which is in violation of regulations of the Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to 40 C.F.R., Part 82 or which is not included in the list published by the Environmental Protection Agency as a safe alternative motor vehicle air conditioning substitute for chlorofluorocarbon-12, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 7671 k(c).

C. Safety requirements and specifications consistent with the requirements of this section applicable to such equipment shall correlate with and, so far as possible, conform to the current recommended practice or standard applicable to such equipment approved by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Section 12-411 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

A. No motor vehicle shall be operated on the highways of this state in which there is installed any television-type receiving equipment, the viewer, monitor, or screen of which can be seen by any person sitting in the seat from which such motor vehicle is operated.

B. This section shall not be construed to prohibit the use of television-type receiving equipment used exclusively for navigation, safety of vehicle operation, or law enforcement purposes.

Section 12-413 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or offer for sale at retail or trade or transfer from or to Oklahoma residents any passenger vehicle which is manufactured or assembled commencing with the 1966 models, unless such vehicle is equipped with safety belts or safety shoulder harness combinations which are installed for the use of persons in the left front and right front seats thereof.

Section 12-414 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

All safety belts or safety shoulder harnesses shall be of a type and shall be installed pursuant to 49 C.F.R. §571.208 et seq.

Section 12-415 - Title 47. Motor Vehicles

Any person violating any of the provisions of Section 12-413 of this title shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished as provided in Section 17-101 of this title.